The Government of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Report on the Implementation of the National Employment Action Plan (NEAP) for 2018 on 16 May 2019. Employment policy priorities in 2018 established by the NEAP covered: improvements to the conditions on the labour market and improvement of labour market institutions, promotion of employment and inclusion of harder to employ persons in the labour market, and support for regional and local employment policies, as well as improvements to the quality of the labour force and investments in human capital.
In accordance with the above employment policy priorities, active labour market policy measures (ALMPM) in 2018 covered 152,936 unemployed persons, while ALMPM with the support by a project from the IPA 2013 programme cycle (training upon request by an employer – for unemployed persons, subsidies for self-employment and subsidies for employing unemployed persons from the category of harder to employ) covered an additional 1,896 persons. Priority for inclusion in ALMPM was given to unemployed persons from the category of harder to employ – youth, redundant worker, persons over 50 years of age, persons without or with low qualifications, persons with disabilities, Roma persons, and other harder to employ persons from particularly vulnerable categories of the unemployed. The measures were implemented using funds allocated under the Financial Plan of the National Employment Service, the Budget Fund for the Professional Rehabilitation and Promotion of Employment of Persons with Disabilities and under the budgets of local self-government units.
The following laws have been adopted in 2018 with the aim of improving the institutional framework in the field of labour and employment: the Law on amendments to the Law on the Employment of Foreign Nationals, the Law on the Simplified Hiring in Seasonal Work in Certain Fields, the Law on amendments to the Law on the Conditions for the Referral of Employees to Temporary Work Abroad and the Law on amendments to the Law on the Amicable Resolution of Labour Disputes. The Government adopted the Decision on the unified book of codes for the entry and coding of data in labour records in 2018. Furthermore, the Annual national survey on the needs of employers 2018/2019 was implemented for the eighth time in a row, consisting of a field survey with small, medium-sized and large companies across eight macro-sectors of the economy, with the aim of identifying employer needs for occupations, special knowledge, skills and competences.
Regarding improvements to the quality of the labour force and investments in human capital, work continued during 2018 on the promotion, organization and participation in fairs and events in the field of career guidance and counselling. Furthermore, the report states that the implementation of a number of projects was started, and/or continued in 2018, including the project “Support to the Implementation of the Employment and Social Policy Reform Programme (ESRP) in the Republic of Serbia with a Focus on Employment Policy and Increasing Youth Employability”.
The report was submitted by the Ministry of Labour, Employment, Veteran and Social Affairs (MLEVSA) as the line ministry, with other ministries, institutions and partners participating it the implementation of certain activities, in accordance with their competences.
The activities implemented in 2018 represent a continuation of the processes started during the preceding period and are aimed at achieving the overall employment policy goal identified by the National Employment Strategy for 2011–2020 (“Official Gazette of RS”, No 37/11), i.e. the establishment of an efficient, stable and sustainable growth trend in employment in the Republic of Serbia by the end of 2020, with full harmonization of employment policies and labour market institutions with the EU acquis, the Report states.