In 2016 (according to SILC 2017), the at-risk-of-poverty threshold or relative poverty line, calculated as 60% of the median equivalised income, amounted to, on average, RSD 15,600 per month for a single-person household, and RSD 32,760 for a four-person household (household with two adults and two children up to the age of 14). Expressed in purchasing power standards (PPS), the at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a single-person household amounts to 257 PPS monthly.
The at-risk-of-poverty threshold in the Republic of Serbia is lower than that in all 28 EU Member States (except Romania) and also in Balkan countries (except North Macedonia).
The table below shows alternative poverty lines and the sensitivity of the at-risk-of-poverty rate depending on the choice of poverty line. The percentage of change in the at-risk-of-poverty rate is higher than the percentage of change in the poverty line, indicating a considerable concentration of the population around the poverty line.
Raising the poverty line by 16.7% (from 60% to 70% of the median equivalised income) would increase the at-risk-of-poverty rate by 21.4% (from 25.7% to as high as 31.2%), while lowering the poverty line by 16.7% (from 60% to 50% of the median equivalised income) would decrease the at-risk-of-poverty rate by 23% (from 25.7% to 19.8%). The sensitivity of the at-risk-of-poverty rate did not change compared to the previous reporting period.
According to data from the SILC (2017) survey, the at-risk-of-poverty rate (share of persons with income by consumption unit below 60% of the median of the equivalent income in the total population) was 25.7%, and remained practically unchanged during the reporting period, increasing slightly compared to the previous period when according to SILC (2013) data it was 24.5%.
Selected relative poverty indicators in the Republic of Serbia, 2013-2017
|% of median income by consumer unit||At-risk-of-poverty rate %||At-risk-of-poverty threshold, per month|
|SILC 2013||SILC 2014||SILC 2015||SILC 2016||SILC 2017||SILC 2013||SILC 2014||SILC 2015||SILC 2016||SILC 2017|
Source: Eurostat database Table At-risk-of-poverty thresholds; At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold, age and sex. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
Household income does not include in-kind income.
The reference period being the previous calendar year for income components.
The analysis of the profile of relatively poor persons indicates the following:
- Regarding sex, no significant differences are noted in the risk of poverty between men and women at the level of the overall population;
- Children (up to 18 years of age) are most at risk of poverty;
- Risk of poverty is significantly higher in rural areas;
- Those with lower levels of education are considerably more vulnerable;
- The unemployed are in the worst position, since nearly one in two unemployed persons (50.7%) are exposed to a risk of poverty;
- Individuals living in households with dependent children, and/or households with two adults with three or more dependent children, as well as single-parent families, have been most at risk of poverty according to SILC (2017) data.
Relative poverty profile, SILC 2013-2017
|SILC 2013||SILC 2014||SILC 2015||SILC 2016||SILC 2017|
|65 and over||19.4||20.4||20.8||20.5||21.3|
|Degree of urbanization|
|Towns and suburbs||23.5||21.9||24.3||21.8||21.8|
|One adult person with children||34.2||33.8||37.5||40.8||30.6|
|Two adult persons with 1 child||24.9||19.4||22.6||21.5||26.4|
|Two adult persons, 2 children||24.6||26.4||28.2||24.2||24.8|
|Two adult persons, 3 or more children||44.4||35.2||34.2||53.1||55.8|
|Households without dependent children||21.3||22.4||23.7||22.9||22.8|
|Households with dependent children||27.0||27.0||29.1||28.2||28.0|
|Education (18 and above)|
|No education and primary (ED 0-2)||36.5||38.6||42.5||40.7||41.6|
|Secondary (ED 3 and 4)||21.3||21.4||23.0||22.4||21.7|
|Higher (ED 5 to 8)||6.1||8.3||8.6||9.8||9.1|
|Most frequent status in the labour market (18 and above)|
|Employed persons except employees||38.3||37.9||38.9||34.4||35.5|
|Not employed persons||Unemployed persons||48.4||46.8||50.1||49.6||50.7|
|Other inactive persons||32.5||33.1||37.7||35.3||33.4|
Source: Eurostat database Tables At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold, age and sex; At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and household type; At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and most frequent activity in the previous year; At-risk-of-poverty rate by degree of urbanization, At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and educational attainment level. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
Note: for all families, the term “children” means “dependent children”.
For more information on relative poverty in Serbia, see:
- Third National Report on Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction in the Republic of Serbia for the Period 2014–2017
- Second National Report on Social Inclusion and Poverty Reduction in the Republic of Serbia
- Measuring Poverty – Theoretical Concepts, Status and Recommendations on Serbia
- Serbia – Income and Living Conditions
- Monitoring Social Inclusion in Republic of Serbia – Third Revised Edition
- Monitoring Social Inclusion in Republic of Serbia – Poverty and inequality
- Monitoring Social Inclusion in Republic of Serbia – Material deprivation
- Monitoring Social Inclusion in Republic of Serbia – Social and child protection
- Monitoring Social Inclusion in Republic of Serbia – Social protection and welfare
- Assessment of Absolute Poverty in Serbia in 2017
- Data on material deprivation for the EU and Serbia available at ec.europa.eu