Vlada republike SrbijeGovernment of the Republic of Serbia

Jezici

Relative Poverty

In 2017 (according to SILC 2018), the at-risk-of-poverty threshold or relative poverty line, calculated as 60% of the median equivalised income, amounted to, on average, RSD 16,615 per month for a single-person household, and RSD 34,892 for a four-person household with two adults and two children up to the age of 14. Expressed in purchasing power standards (PPS[1]), the at-risk-of-poverty threshold for a single-person household amounts to 263 PPS monthly.

The at-risk-of-poverty threshold in the Republic of Serbia is lower than the threshold in all 28 EU Member States and also in other Balkan countries (except North Macedonia)[2].

The table below shows alternative poverty lines and the sensitivity of the at-risk-of-poverty rate depending on the choice of poverty line. The percentage of change in the at-risk-of-poverty rate is higher than the percentage of change in the poverty line, indicating a considerable concentration of the population around the poverty line.

Raising the poverty line by 16.7% (from 60% to 70% of the median equivalised income) would increase the at-risk-of-poverty rate by 21.4% (from 25.7% to as high as 31.2%), while lowering the poverty line by 16.7% (from 60% to 50% of the median equivalised income) would decrease the at-risk-of-poverty rate by 23% (from 25.7% to 19.8%). The sensitivity of the at-risk-of-poverty rate did not change compared to the previous reporting period.

According to data from the SILC (2018) survey, the at-risk-of-poverty rate (share of persons with income by consumption unit below 60% of the median of the equivalent income in the total population) was 24.3%, and remained practically unchanged during the reporting period, increasing slightly compared to the previous period when according to SILC (2013) data it was 24.5%.

Selected relative poverty indicators in the Republic of Serbia, 2013-2018

% of median income by consumer unit At-risk-of-poverty rate % At-risk-of-poverty threshold, per month
SILC 2013 SILC 2014 SILC 2015 SILC 2016 SILC 2017 SILC 2018 SILC 2013 SILC 2014 SILC 2015 SILC 2016 SILC 2017 SILC 2018
60% 24.5 25.0 26.7 25.9 25.7 24.3 13,680 13,725 13,973 14,680 15,600 16,615
40% 13.3 13.7 14.6 14.5 14.4 13.7 9,120 9,150 9,316 9,787 10,400 11,076
50% 18.4 19.1 20.4 20.0 19.8 18.0 11,400 11,438 11,644 12,233 13,000 13,846
70% 30.4 32.0 32.6 32.2 31.2 30.1 15,960 16,013 16,302 17,127 18,200 19,384
Source: Eurostat database Table At-risk-of-poverty thresholds; At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold, age and sex. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
Note:
  • Household income does not include in-kind income.
  • The reference period being the previous calendar year for income components.

The analysis of the profile of relatively poor persons indicates the following:

  • Regarding sex, no significant differences are noted in the risk of poverty between men and women at the level of the overall population;
  • Children (up to 18 years of age) are most at risk of poverty;
  • Risk of poverty is significantly higher in rural areas;
  • Those with lower levels of education are considerably more vulnerable;
  • The unemployed are in the worst position, since nearly one in two unemployed persons (49.0%) are exposed to a risk of poverty;
  • Individuals living in households with dependent children, and/or households with two adults with three or more dependent children, as well as single-parent families, have been most at risk of poverty according to SILC (2018) data.

 

Relative poverty profile, SILC 2013-2018

SILC 2013 SILC 2014 SILC 2015 SILC 2016 SILC 2017 SILC 2018
Total 24.5 25.0 26.7 25.9 25.7 24.3
Male 24.9 25.6 27.5 26.3 25.4 24.6
Female 24.1 24.4 26.0 25.5 26.0 24.0
Age
Children (<18) 29.7 29.3 31.1 30.2 30.5 28.8
Adults 18-64 24.4 25.1 27.3 26.3 25.7 24.0
65 and over 19.4 20.4 20.8 20.5 21.3 21.1
Degree of urbanization
Cities 13.6 15.9 14.2 19.1 18.1 16.0
Towns and suburbs 23.5 21.9 24.3 21.8 21.8 20.4
Rural areas 36.1 37.5 36.7 34.1 35.2 34.7
Household type
Single-member household 26.3 28.4 31.2 34.4 33.0 34.3
One adult person with children 34.2 33.8 37.5 40.8 30.6 36.5
Two adult persons with 1 child 24.9 19.4 22.6 21.5 26.4 24.1
Two adult persons, 2 children 24.6 26.4 28.2 24.2 24.8 21.3
Two adult persons, 3 or more children 44.4 35.2 34.2 53.1 55.8 53.6
Households without dependent children 21.3 22.4 23.7 22.9 22.8 21.2
Households with dependent children 27.0 27.0 29.1 28.2 28.0 26.8
Education (18 and above)
No education and primary (ED 0-2) 36.5 38.6 42.5 40.7 41.6 42.1
Secondary (ED 3 and 4) 21.3 21.4 23.0 22.4 21.7 20.7
Higher (ED 5 to 8) 6.1 8.3 8.6 9.8 9.1 6.1
Most frequent status in the labour market (18 and above)
Employed persons Employees 6.4 7.0 8.0 7.8 6.8 6.8
Employed persons except employees 38.3 37.9 38.9 34.4 35.5 31.0
Not employed persons Unemployed persons 48.4 46.8 50.1 49.6 50.7 49.0
Retired persons 14.4 15.6 16.7 16.6 17.5 17.1
Other inactive persons 32.5 33.1 37.7 35.3 33.4 35.4
Source: Eurostat database Tables At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold, age and sex; At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and household type; At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and most frequent activity in the previous year; At-risk-of-poverty rate by degree of urbanization, At-risk-of-poverty rate by poverty threshold and educational attainment level. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
Note: for all families, the term “children” means “dependent children”.

For more information on relative poverty in Serbia, see:

—————

[1] Purchasing power standards (PPS) based on the converter for HFCE (Household Final Consumption Expenditure)
[2] Eurostat database Table At-risk-of-poverty thresholds

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